Dr. Sahithi Balmuri

Obstetrics, Gynecologist, and Laparoscopic Surgeon in Gachibowli, Hyderbad

What is PCOS?

What is PCOS?

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a complex and relatively common hormonal disorder that affects people with ovaries. It’s characterized by a range of symptoms that can impact various aspects of physical and emotional well-being. In this blog, we’ll delve into the intricacies of PCOS, its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and effective management strategies.

Understanding PCOS:

Causes and Contributing Factors:

PCOS is thought to have a genetic component, meaning it often runs in families. Hormonal imbalances, including elevated levels of insulin and androgens (male hormones), play a crucial role in its development.


Common symptoms include irregular periods, heavy bleeding, acne, excessive facial hair growth (hirsutism), weight gain, and difficulty conceiving. It’s important to note that PCOS symptoms can vary widely among individuals.

Diagnosis and Management:


PCOS is diagnosed based on a combination of clinical symptoms, physical examinations, and laboratory tests. These may include hormone level assessments, ultrasound scans to check for cysts on the ovaries, and medical history evaluation.

Lifestyle Changes:

Lifestyle modifications can significantly improve PCOS symptoms. Regular exercise, a balanced diet with emphasis on low glycemic index foods, and weight management can help regulate insulin levels and hormone imbalances.


Depending on the specific symptoms and goals, healthcare providers might prescribe medications to regulate menstrual cycles, manage insulin resistance, and reduce androgen levels.

Assisted Reproductive Techniques:

For those trying to conceive, assisted reproductive techniques like ovulation induction and in vitro fertilization (IVF) can be effective.

Mental and Emotional Well-being:

PCOS can have psychological impacts due to its visible symptoms and potential fertility challenges. Mental health support and counseling can be an integral part of managing PCOS.

Empowerment and Knowledge:

Living with PCOS requires a holistic approach that combines medical guidance, self-care, and emotional well-being. By staying informed, connecting with healthcare professionals, and adopting a proactive approach, individuals can navigate the challenges of PCOS and lead fulfilling lives.


PCOS is a complex condition that affects various aspects of physical and emotional health. With the right knowledge, lifestyle changes, and medical support, individuals with PCOS can effectively manage their symptoms and improve their quality of life. Remember, you are not alone on this journey – seek help, stay informed, and empower yourself to take control of your health and well-being.

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