Dr. Sahithi Balmuri

Obstetrics, Gynecologist, and Laparoscopic Surgeon in Gachibowli, Hyderbad

What are the causes of PCOS?

What are the causes of PCOS?

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a multifaceted hormonal disorder that affects many individuals worldwide. While the exact cause of PCOS remains a subject of ongoing research, a combination of genetic, hormonal, and lifestyle factors are believed to contribute to its development. In this blog, we’ll explore PCOS Treatment and  the intricate web of factors that play a role in the onset of PCOS.

Genetic Predisposition:

Family History:

PCOS often has a strong familial tendency. If a close family member, such as a mother or sister, has PCOS, the risk of developing the condition is higher.

Hormonal Imbalances:

Insulin Resistance:

Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels. In individuals with PCOS, cells may become resistant to insulin’s effects, leading to elevated insulin levels. This can stimulate the ovaries to produce more androgens (male hormones), which disrupts the normal hormonal balance.

Androgen Overproduction:

Elevated androgen levels are a hallmark of PCOS. These hormones can disrupt the normal menstrual cycle, leading to irregular periods and the development of PCOS symptoms.

Abnormal Gonadotropin Levels:

Gonadotropins are hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle and ovulation. In PCOS, there’s an imbalance in these hormones, leading to irregular ovulation and the formation of ovarian cysts.

Lifestyle Factors:


Excess body weight can exacerbate insulin resistance and hormonal imbalances, contributing to the development of PCOS.

Diet and Nutrition:

Diets high in refined carbohydrates and sugars may worsen insulin resistance. A balanced diet rich in whole foods can help manage insulin levels.

Sedentary Lifestyle:

Lack of physical activity can contribute to weight gain and insulin resistance, further aggravating PCOS symptoms.

Environmental Factors:

Endocrine Disruptors:

Exposure to certain chemicals in the environment, known as endocrine disruptors, may interfere with hormonal balance and contribute to PCOS development.


Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a complex condition influenced by a combination of genetic, hormonal, lifestyle, and environmental factors. While the exact cause may vary from person to person, understanding these contributing elements can empower individuals to take proactive steps toward managing PCOS. If you suspect you have PCOS, seeking medical guidance is essential for accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment.

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